Turkish documentation procedures require that a commercial invoice and bill of lading or airway bill accompany all commercial shipments. Depending on the type of product, importers may be required to submit a Certificate of Origin. Import licenses and phytosanitary certificates are necessary for food and agricultural commodity imports.
The commercial invoice must be submitted in triplicate, including the original copy and must contain a complete description, quantity, unit cost, HS code, delivery method of the goods and country of origin as well as all required payment terms and letters of credit, if the transaction was actualized through this payment method.
It is required by certain foreign countries for tariff purposes, certifying the country of origin of specified goods. The certificate of origin is to be prepared in duplicate. No corrections are permitted on this document, and it should be in English. A Certificate of Origin is usually prepared by the exporter or the freight forwarder and notarized and attested to by a local Chamber of Commerce or a World Trade Center.
One copy of the document must be surrendered to customs authorities at the time of importation.
Details in the bill of lading should correspond exactly to those given in other shipping documents. The original bill of lading should be submitted along with three copies.
Special health certificates are required for imports of plants, seeds, live animals and animal products. Plants, including fruits and vegetables, must be substantially free from pests and diseases and must have been grown in an area substantially free from prohibited pests and diseases.
Alcohol can be imported by the private sector by obtaining license and permission from the Tobacco Products and Alcoholic Drinks Market Regulatory Authority (TAPDK), an independent regulatory body. Inspection of imported products is regulated by the Communique on Import Inspection of Tobacco, Tobacco Products, Alcohol and Alcoholic Beverages
Importing products such as pharmaceuticals; organic chemicals, especially those used to produce medicines and medical products; vaccines for both humans and animals; chemicals used in cleaning and the food industry; live animals and plants; grains and plant seeds; and hormones require control certificates from the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Agriculture. Upon entry of specific food and agricultural products, the importer should be prepared to present the approved Control Certificate (if required) together with originals of invoice, ingredient list, Certificate of Origin, veterinary health certificate or plant health certificate, etc., as well as other import documentation such as the bill of lading.
Port of Ambarli is a major Turkish seaport situated at the on the northern shores of the Sea of Marmara. This vast shipping port has handled about 1919 vessels in the year 2011.The container terminal serving the Port of Ambarli has two berths with a total length of 390 meters.
The highly versatile port includes 11 berths that can handle all types of cargoes. Ithas separate world class terminals each specialised in a specific field namely, container terminals, break bulk terminals and dry and liquid bulk terminals. Featuring the 200-metre long pier, the port has a handling rate of 1.9 million TEU’s per annum.
The port has been in operation since 1989 when Kumport Port Services decided to move its facilities to Istanbul. Following a tradition, it offers faster and much better services than ever before. At present, the port is capable of handling up to 2.7 million tonnes of general cargo and 259 thousand tons of liquid bulk cargoes.
As the region is more closely connected to the global markets, the port of Ambarli iswell known for the imports and exports of various commodities. Facilitating over 52.6 hectares of off-dock storage facilities, the port is one of the major container facilities in Turkey.