The port stretching to about 50 kilometres south of Kolkata is the fourth largest port in India. The port of Haldia with a capacity of handling 43 million tonnes of cargo flaunts 15 berths with a total length of 3.3 thousand metres and a depth ranging from 8.5 -11 metres.
The Port of Haldia is a major port serving as an important commercial gateway to India and a maritime centre to the shipping industry which marks its economic value. The por also has a capacity to handle large vessels up to 232 metres long. The port’s warehouse covers a huge land of about 72.8 thousand square meters (open area), and 9.3 thousand square metres of closed storage.
This port gained importance after the Kolkata Port Trust thought of developing the port of Haldia as an industrial centre. With the onset of 1979, the Port of Haldia became an important transhipment centre allowing easy import and export of commodities across borders. Today, it is has become a busy modern port quickly spreading out along the coastline.
Operating its own railway line having two interchangeable yards within the Port of Haldia is one of its best features. The port's rail connection brings heavy freight train traffic to Kolkata handling to about 7 million tonnes of cargo traffic per annum.