Licenses are required for the import of many raw materials, petroleum, industrial, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and agricultural products. Imports of goods not requiring licenses must comply with applicable regulations of concerned agencies, including, in some cases, extra fees and certificate of origin requirements.
Followng products are subjected to import control:Importation of processed foods, medical devices, pharmaceuticals, vitamins, and cosmetics require licensing from the Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Public Health. Importation of tungsten oxide, tin ores, and metallic tin in quantity exceeding two kilograms require permission from the Department of Mineral Resources, Ministry of Industry. Importation of arms, ammunition, or explosive devices requires licensing from the Ministry of Interior. Importation of antiques or objects of art, whether registered or not, require permission from the Fine Arts Department, Ministry of Education.
General customs clearing procedures for both imports and exports in Thailand require the submission of a Customs’ export entry form or import entry form. The form should be accompanied by standard shipping documents, which include: commercial invoice, packing list, bill of lading/airway bill, and letter of credit. Some products may require an import/export license and/or authorization from relevant agencies. These include food products (processed or unprocessed), pharmaceuticals, medical devices, healthcare products, cosmetics, hazardous substances, animals, and some agricultural products.
In addition to import duties handled by the Customs Department, certain import items are also subject to excise tax. These include gasoline and products thereof, automobiles (less than 10 seats), electrical appliances, beverages, perfume and cosmetics, yachts and vessels for entertainment, lead crystal and other crystals, carpets and other floor covering materials, motorcycles, batteries, marble and granite, liquor, tobacco, and playing cards. Excise tax is also imposed on local products in the same categories as well as on certain entertainment service providers such as horse racing grounds/clubs and golf clubs.
Laem Chabang port is Thailand’s main and largest port. In 2016, it was ranked 20th in Lloyds list of top 100 ports of the world.
Spread across an area of 2,572 acres, Laem Chabang port region contains of several minor ports that facilitate the sea trade of Thailand. The port is equipped with 7 container terminals, 1 multipurpose terminal, 1 passenger terminal, 1 Ro-Ro terminal, 1 general cargo terminal, and 1 shipyard. It also has the capacity to handle Super Post Panamax vessels.
Port of Laem Chabang was founded in 1961 when the Government of Thailand realised that the Port of Bangkok will not be able to meet the long-term economic needs of the country. The port's development was put on hold till 1987 due to economic recession. In 1987, the construction of the port was resumed and it was opened for trade in 1991. By 1997, it has become Thailand's major port.
Laem Chabang is the 20th busiest container port in the world and the most important port of Thailand. It has easy access to the country’s road and rail network.