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Shipping Terms

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is a not-for-profit organization that provides a forum for the development and publication of voluntary consensus standards for materials, products, systems, and services.


ASTM has created a number of standards for the freight transportation sector; the most important ones are:

  • Test Methods for Programmable Horizontal Impact Test for Shipping Containers and Systems
  • 16 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
  • Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing
  • Test Method for Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
  • Test Method for Bridge Impact Testing
  • Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
  • Test Method for Performing Programmed Horizontal Impacts Using an Inclined Impact Tester
  • Test Method for Simulated Drop of Loaded Containers by Shock Machines
  • Test Methods for Mechanical Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
  • Test Methods for Rough Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates
  • Test Method for Concentrated Impacts on Transport Packages
  • Test Methods for Determining the Effects of High Altitude on Packaging Systems by Vacuum Method
  • Test Method for Determining Compressive Resistance of Shipping Containers, Components, and Unit Loads
  • Practice for Performance Testing of Packages for Single Parcel Delivery Systems
  • Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems
  • Test Method for Water Resistance of Shipping Containers by Spray Method
  • The terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
  • Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers

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